Realizing p-channel semiconducting polymers with good hole mobility, solution processibility, and air stability is an important step forward in the chemical manipulation of charge transport in polymeric solids and in the development of low-cost printed electronics. We report here the synthesis and full characterization of the dithienosilole- and dibenzosilole-based homopolymers, poly(4,4-di-n-hexyldithienosilole) (TS6) and poly(9,9-di-n- octyldibenzosilole) (BS8), and their mono- and bithiophene copolymers, poly(4,4-di-n-hexyldithienosilole-alt-(bi)thiophene) (TS6T1, TS6T2) and poly(9,9-di-n-octyldibenzosilole-alt-(bi)thiophene) (BS8T1,BS8T2), and examine in detail the consequences of introducing dithienosilole and dibenzosilole cores into a thiophene polymer backbone. We demonstrate air-stable thin-film transistors (TFTs) fabricated under ambient conditions having hole mobilities as large as 0.08 cm2/V·s, low turn-on voltages, and current on/off ratios > 106. Additionally, unencapsulated TFTs fabricated under ambient conditions are air-stable, an important advance over regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)-based devices. Density functional theory calculations provide detailed insight into the polymer physicochemical and charge transport characteristics. A direct correlation between the hole injection barrier and both TFT turn-on voltage and TFT polymer hole mobility is identified and discussed, in combination with thin-film morphological characteristics, to explain the observed OTFT performance trends.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry