Synthesis of bulk and reinforced

D. C. Dunand*, J. L. Sommer, A. Mortensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Preforms of nickel powder or nickel/alumina powder blends were infiltrated with molten aluminum to produce nickel aluminides. Application of a pressure of 3.6 and 6.9 MPa on the melt allowed infiltration of preforms with nickel powder particles between 5 and 15 μm in diameter, which could not be infiltrated under the sole action of capillary forces. By varying the initial preform temperature from 705 °C to 280 °C, the diameter of nickel powder particles from 15 to 150 μm, and the volume fraction of alumina from 0 to 34 vol pct, pressure-infiltrated samples with large variations in the extent of reaction between nickel and aluminum were pro- duced. The range of microstructure extended from fully reacted nickel aluminide to essentially unreacted nickel/aluminum samples containing low levels of final porosity. In particular, it was found that reducing the initial preform temperature below the melting point of aluminum results in a reduction of the rate and extent of aluminide formation, allowing, in turn, reduction of macrosegregation within the resulting infiltrated material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2161-2170
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical Transactions A
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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