Systemic and intraocular manifestations of West Nile virus infection

Seema Garg, Lee M. Jampol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


Since the introduction of West Nile virus in the Western Hemisphere in 1999, the incidence of human infection has increased dramatically. As this virus spreads westward across the United States, ophthalmologists should be aware of this presently uncommon but important condition. Systemic features of West Nile virus infection are well characterized; however, the ophthalmic presentations are not widely known. Intraocular involvement with West Nile virus infection was first described in February 2003, and a variety of ophthalmic manifestations have since been recognized. A complete survey of the systemic and intraocular manifestations of West Nile virus infection relevant to the ophthalmologist is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-13
Number of pages11
JournalSurvey of ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005


  • West Nile virus
  • chorioretinitis
  • eye
  • ischemia
  • neovascularization
  • optic neuritis
  • uveitis
  • vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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