Systems genetics analysis defines importance of TMEM43/LUMA for cardiac- and metabolic-related pathways

Qingqing Gu, Fuyi Xu, Buyan Ochir Orgil, Zaza Khuchua, Undral Munkhsaikhan, Jason N. Johnson, Neely R. Alberson, Joseph F. Pierre, Dennis D. Black, Deli Dong, Jaclyn A. Brennan, Brianna M. Cathey, Igor R. Efimov, Jeffrey A. Towbin, Enkhsaikhan Purevjav, Lu Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Broad cellular functions and diseases including muscular dystrophy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC5) and cancer are associated with transmembrane protein43 (TMEM43/LUMA). The study aimed to investigate biological roles of TMEM43 through genetic regulation, gene pathways and gene networks, candidate interacting genes, and up- or downstream regulators. Cardiac transcriptomes from 40 strains of recombinant inbred BXD mice and two parental strains representing murine genetic reference population (GRP) were applied for genetic correlation, functional enrichment, and coexpression network analysis using systems genetics approach. The results were validated in a newly created knock-in Tmem43-S358L mutation mouse model (Tmem43S358L) that displayed signs of cardiac dysfunction, resembling ARVC5 phenotype seen in humans. We found high Tmem43 levels among BXDs with broad variability in expression. Expression of Tmem43 highly negatively correlated with heart mass and heart rate among BXDs, whereas levels of Tmem43 highly positively correlated with plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL). Through finding differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between Tmem43S358L mutant and wild-type (Tmem43WT) lines, 18 pathways (out of 42 found in BXDs GRP) that are involved in ARVC, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease were verified. We further constructed Tmem43-mediated gene network, in which Ctnna1, Adcy6, Gnas, Ndufs6, and Uqcrc2 were significantly altered in Tmem43S358L mice versus Tmem43WT controls. Our study defined the importance of Tmem43 for cardiac- and metabolism-related pathways, suggesting that cardiovascular disease-relevant risk factors may also increase risk of metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases via TMEM43-mediated pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-35
Number of pages14
JournalPhysiological genomics
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BXD family
  • TMEM43/LUMA
  • cardiomyopathy
  • gene network
  • systems genetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics

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