Chromosomal rearrangements in malignant T-cell disease frequently involve the chromosome bands containing the T-cell receptor genes. The RPMI 8402 cell line, which was established from the leukemia cells of a patient with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, is characterized by a translocation involving chromosome 14 (band q11) and chromosome 11 (band p15) [t(11;14)(p15;q11)]. By using in situ chromosomal hybridization and Southern blot analysis to examine RPMI 8402 cells, we determined that the break at 14q11 occurs within the variable region sequence of the T-cell receptor α-chain gene (TCRA); the break at 11p15 occurs between the HRAS1 gene and the genes for insulin and the insulin-like growth factor 2. These results suggest that the TCRA sequences activate a cellular gene located 11p15 in malignant T-cell disorders.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1986|
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