This report presents evidence for the role of antigen-specific helper T cells in augmenting the in vivo development of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses to both hapten and protein antigens. The role of these helper T cells in the in vivo induction and regulation of DTH responses was investigated. Mice were primed subcutaneously with optimal numbers (3 x 107) of either protein antigen- or TNP-modified syngeneic spleen cells. Primed spleen or lymph node cells, but not thymocytes or unprimed cells, were found to significantly augment the DTH response of syngeneic recipients injected subcutaneously with suboptimal numbers (1 to 2 x 106) of antigen-modified syngeneic cells. Primed spleen or lymph node cells augmented both in vivo ear swelling reactions and in vitro antigen-induced T cell proliferative responses in recipient animals. The helper effect was found to be mediated by a population of radioresistant, Thy-1+, Lyt-1+2-, I-A+ cells, a phenotype identical to that of antigen-specific T(prlf) cells found in primed lymph nodes. In contrast, effector T(DH) cells were found to be Thy-1+, Lyt-1+2-, I-A- cells. Splenic T cells from TNP-primed mice augmented TNP-specific DTH responses, but not DTH to irrelevant protein antigens, and vice versa. Helper T cell induction correlated with the presence of H-2 I-region determinants on the inducer cells, because antigen-modified spleen cells were the most efficient inducers, modified thymocytes were less efficient, and modified erythrocytes were ineffective. Mapping studies also indicated that I-region identity between the antigen-modified spleen cell immunogen and the Th donors was both necessary and sufficient for DTH Th cell induction. In addition, functional helper T cell activity could be both specifically tolerized and suppressed by the transfer or suppressor T cells raised by the i.v. injection of antigen-modified syngeneic cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy