T-Cell responses induced by the parenteral injection of antigen-modified syngeneic cells. III. Dissociation of primed cytolytic T-cell and efferent suppressor-T-cell activity following intravenous injection of trinitrophenol-modified syngeneic spleen cells

Stephen D. Miller*, Larry D. Butler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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The parenteral injection of ligand-coupled syngeneic spleen cells has profound effects on immune responsiveness. In this regard, it was examined whether the primed in vitro trinitrophenol (TNP)-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses observed in splenic T-cell populations from mice injected intravenously (iv) with syngeneic TNP-modified spleen cells (TNP-SC) are related to the efferent-acting suppressor-T-cell (Ts) activity observed in splenocytes from iv primed mice. Treatment of mice with cyclophosphamide, adult thymectomy, or monoclonal anti-I-J antiserum prior to the iv injection of TNP-SC was found to eliminate the ability of splenic Ts from these mice to suppress the passive transfer of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) mediated by trinitrochlorobenzene-immune T cells. In contrast, spleen cells from these pretreated mice showed no impairment in the development of augmented TNP-specific CTL responses upon in vitro restimulation with TNP-SC. Separation of the two activities was also achieved in a kinetic analysis. It is concluded that specific enhancement of CTL responsiveness induced by the iv injection of TNP-SC is related to the expansion of a population prelytic Lyt 2+ CTL effector cells which does not appear to contain efferent-acting Lyt 2+ Ts active in suppressing DTH expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-316
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1984


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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