Tacrolimus dose modification in patients receiving concomitant isavuconazole after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Steven Trifilio*, Halina Rubin, Alexandra Monacelli, Jayesh Mehta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Isavuconazole is increasingly being used for antifungal prophylaxis during stem cell transplantation. Isavuconazole is a moderate inhibitor of Cytochrome P4503A4, and tacrolimus levels are anticipated to be elevated when given concomitantly with isavuconazole. We developed and validated a dose-modified tacrolimus regimen to better achieve and maintain target tacrolimus levels. Methods: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation recipients who received concomitant tacrolimus and isavuconazole from September 2017 to September 2018 were included. Tacrolimus was adjusted to achieve a target range 8–12 ng/ml. Intravenous tacrolimus was first initiated at 0.02 mg/kg/day on day 1, and transitioned to oral therapy using a 2:1 conversion ratio (n = 48). Clinical observations showed high interpatient variability. The intravenous dose was then reduced to 0.017 mg/kg/day, and oral:intravenous conversion changed to 3.1:1 (n = 24). Results: Interpatient variability was high (lower in the 0.017 mg/kg/day group; P < 0.0217). Patients in the 0.017 mg/kg/day group required fewer dose changes (P < 0.023) and had fewer levels >15 ng/ml (P < 0.021). Median tacrolimus dose declined over time; 0.016, 0.012 and 0.011 on days 1, 7 and 10 for patients receiving 0.02 mg/kg/day and 0.017, 0.014 and 0.013 in the 0.017 mg/kg group. Day 10 tacrolimus accumulation factor was 1.42 Rac(Cmax) in the 0.02 mg/kg/day cohort compared to 1.23 Rac(Cmax) in the 0.017 mg/kg/day cohort (P < 0.015). When transitioned to oral therapy, a oral:intravenous conversion ratio >3.1:1 was shown to improve chances for achieving target levels (P > 0.0744). Conclusion: We recommend initiating intravenous tacrolimus dose at 0.017 mg/kg/day and using a 3.1:1 oral:intravenous conversion to reduce interpatient variability, drug accumulation and the number of suboptimal tacrolimus levels. Tacrolimus requires frequent drug level monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • drug interaction
  • hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • isavuconazole
  • Tacrolimus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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