Targeting the Tumor Microenvironment in Brain Metastasis

Nisha Giridharan, Isabella C. Glitza Oliva, Barbara J. O'Brien, Brittany C. Parker Kerrigan, Amy B. Heimberger, Sherise D. Ferguson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Dynamic interplay between cancer cells and the surrounding microenvironment is a feature of the metastatic process. Successful metastatic brain colonization requires complex mechanisms that ultimately allow tumor cells to adapt to the unique microenvironment of the central nervous system, evade immune destruction, survive, and grow. Accumulating evidence suggests that components of the brain tumor microenvironment (TME) play a vital role in the metastatic cascade. In this review, the authors summarize the contribution of the TME to the development and progression of brain metastasis. They also highlight opportunities for TME-directed targeted therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-649
Number of pages9
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Astrocytes
  • Brain metastasis
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Tumor microenvironment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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