Taxonomy and classification

Vincent S.F.T. Merckx*, John V. Freudenstein, Jonathan Kissling, Maarten J.M. Christenhusz, Raymond E. Stotler, Barbara Crandall-Stotler, Norman Wickett, Paula J. Rudall, Hiltje Maas-Van De Kamer, Paul J.M. Maas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

103 Scopus citations


This chapter provides a description of all plant families and genera that include putative fully mycoheterotrophic species, excluding initial and partial mycoheterotrophs. The overview covers a total of 17 families, 101 genera, and ca. 880 species. For each family and genus (except for Orchidaceae) a short morphological description is provided followed by notes on taxonomy, distribution, evolution, and ecology. For most genera a line drawing of a representative species is provided. Included families are: Aneuraceae, Burmanniaceae, Corsiaceae, Ericaceae, Gentianaceae, Gleicheniaceae, Iridaceae, Lycopodiaceae, Ophioglossaceae, Orchidaceae, Petrosaviaceae, Podocarpaceae, Polygalaceae, Psilotaceae, Schizaeaceae, Thismiaceae, and Triuridaceae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMycoheterotrophy
Subtitle of host publicationThe Biology of Plants Living on Fungi
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages83
ISBN (Electronic)9781461452096
ISBN (Print)1461452082, 9781461452089
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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