Constitutive models constructed within the combined framework of kinematic hardening and bounding surface plasticity have proved to be successful in describing the rate-independent deformation of soils under non-monotonic histories of stress or strain. Most soils show some rate-dependence of their deformation characteristics, and it is important for the constitutive models to be able to reproduce rate-or time-dependent patterns of response. This paper explores a constitutive modelling approach that combines multiple viscoplastic mechanisms contributing to the overall rate-sensitive deformation of a soil. A simple viscoplastic extension of an inviscid kinematic hardening model incorporates two viscoplastic mechanisms applying an overstress formulation toa 'consolidation surface' and a 'recent stress history surface'. Depending on the current stress state and the relative 'strength' of the two mechanisms, the viscoplastic mechanisms may collaborate or compete with each other. This modelling approach is shown to be able to reproduce many observed patterns of rate-dependent response of soils.
- constitutive model
- kinematic hardening
- rate dependence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)