Teamwork for smoking cessation: which smoker was willing to engage their partner? Results from a cross-sectional study

Catherine S. Nagawa*, Oluwabunmi M. Emidio, Kate L. Lapane, Thomas K. Houston, Bruce A. Barton, Jamie M. Faro, Amanda C. Blok, Elizabeth A. Orvek, Sarah L. Cutrona, Bridget M. Smith, Jeroan J. Allison, Rajani S. Sadasivam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Smokers are greatly influenced by those living with them, but strategies that increase partner support for smoking cessation are lacking. Using a cross-sectional study design, we explored factors associated with willingness to engage a partner in smoking cessation in smokers registered on a web-assisted tobacco intervention trial. Results: Study participants (n = 983) were recruited between July 2018 and March 2019. About 28% of smokers were willing to engage their partner in cessation efforts. The odds of willingness to engage a partner were more than two-fold for smokers reporting presence of other smokers in the immediate family (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 2.18; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.51-3.15 for 1-3 smokers; aOR, 3.12; 95% CI 1.95-4.98 for ≥ 4 smokers) compared to those with no smokers in the immediate family. Women had lower odds of willingness to engage (aOR; 0.82; 95% CI 0.58-1.16) than men, but this was not statistically significant. Use of e-cigarettes and visitation to a smoking cessation website prior to the intervention were both positively associated with willingness to engage partners in cessation. Future research should assess whether interventions tailored to smokers willing to engage partners or spouses could increase effectiveness of partner support during cessation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number344
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 2020

Keywords

  • Partner engagement
  • Partner support
  • Seeking support
  • Smoking cessation
  • Willingness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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