Teens engaged in collaborative health: The feasibility and acceptability of an online skill-building intervention for adolescents at risk for depression

Emily G. Lattie, Joyce Ho, Elizabeth Sargent, Kathryn N. Tomasino, J. D. Smith, C. Hendricks Brown, David C. Mohr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background There is an ongoing need for effective and accessible preventive interventions for adolescent depression and substance abuse. This paper reports on a field trial of an online indicated preventive intervention, ProjectTECH, which is based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques. The study aims to gather information about the feasibility and acceptability of this program. Secondary aims of this study were to examine the impact of the program on depression symptoms, perceived stress, positive affect, and substance use and to compare differences between groups that were led by a peer versus those that were led by a licensed clinician. Methods High school students (n = 39) were recruited primarily through social media advertisements, and assigned to four groups of 8–12 individuals to collaboratively participate in an 8 week peer network-based online preventive intervention which were led by a trained peer guide or a licensed clinician. Participants were provided with didactic lessons, CBT-based mood management tools, and peer networking features, and completed quantitative and qualitative feedback at baseline, midpoint, end of intervention, and 1 month follow-up. Results The program attracted and retained users primarily from social media and was used frequently by many of the participants (system login M = 25.62, SD = 16.58). Participants rated the program as usable, and offered several suggestions for improving the program, including allowing for further personalization by the individual user, and including more prompts to engage with the social network. From baseline to end of intervention, significant decreases were observed in depressive symptoms and perceived stress (p's < 0.05). Significant increases in positive affect were observed from baseline to midpoint (p < 0.05) and no changes were observed in substance use, although the rate of substance use was low in this sample. While this study had low power to detect group differences, no consistent differences were observed between participants in a peer-led group and those in a clinician-led group. Conclusions Results of this study indicate that ProjectTECH, an indicated preventive intervention for high school-aged adolescents, demonstrates both feasibility, acceptability, and short-term, longitudinal psychological benefits for participants. Future iterations of the program may benefit from close attention to user interface design and the continued use of trained peer support guides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-26
Number of pages12
JournalInternet Interventions
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

Social Media
Cognitive Therapy
Depression
Health
Peer Group
Social Support
Substance-Related Disorders
Students
Psychology
Power (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Depression
  • Internet
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Cite this

@article{3e71cf2d218a42b98096191105859986,
title = "Teens engaged in collaborative health: The feasibility and acceptability of an online skill-building intervention for adolescents at risk for depression",
abstract = "Background There is an ongoing need for effective and accessible preventive interventions for adolescent depression and substance abuse. This paper reports on a field trial of an online indicated preventive intervention, ProjectTECH, which is based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques. The study aims to gather information about the feasibility and acceptability of this program. Secondary aims of this study were to examine the impact of the program on depression symptoms, perceived stress, positive affect, and substance use and to compare differences between groups that were led by a peer versus those that were led by a licensed clinician. Methods High school students (n = 39) were recruited primarily through social media advertisements, and assigned to four groups of 8–12 individuals to collaboratively participate in an 8 week peer network-based online preventive intervention which were led by a trained peer guide or a licensed clinician. Participants were provided with didactic lessons, CBT-based mood management tools, and peer networking features, and completed quantitative and qualitative feedback at baseline, midpoint, end of intervention, and 1 month follow-up. Results The program attracted and retained users primarily from social media and was used frequently by many of the participants (system login M = 25.62, SD = 16.58). Participants rated the program as usable, and offered several suggestions for improving the program, including allowing for further personalization by the individual user, and including more prompts to engage with the social network. From baseline to end of intervention, significant decreases were observed in depressive symptoms and perceived stress (p's < 0.05). Significant increases in positive affect were observed from baseline to midpoint (p < 0.05) and no changes were observed in substance use, although the rate of substance use was low in this sample. While this study had low power to detect group differences, no consistent differences were observed between participants in a peer-led group and those in a clinician-led group. Conclusions Results of this study indicate that ProjectTECH, an indicated preventive intervention for high school-aged adolescents, demonstrates both feasibility, acceptability, and short-term, longitudinal psychological benefits for participants. Future iterations of the program may benefit from close attention to user interface design and the continued use of trained peer support guides.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Depression, Internet, Prevention",
author = "Lattie, {Emily G.} and Joyce Ho and Elizabeth Sargent and Tomasino, {Kathryn N.} and Smith, {J. D.} and Brown, {C. Hendricks} and Mohr, {David C.}",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.invent.2017.02.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "15--26",
journal = "Internet Interventions",
issn = "2214-7829",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Teens engaged in collaborative health

T2 - The feasibility and acceptability of an online skill-building intervention for adolescents at risk for depression

AU - Lattie, Emily G.

AU - Ho, Joyce

AU - Sargent, Elizabeth

AU - Tomasino, Kathryn N.

AU - Smith, J. D.

AU - Brown, C. Hendricks

AU - Mohr, David C.

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - Background There is an ongoing need for effective and accessible preventive interventions for adolescent depression and substance abuse. This paper reports on a field trial of an online indicated preventive intervention, ProjectTECH, which is based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques. The study aims to gather information about the feasibility and acceptability of this program. Secondary aims of this study were to examine the impact of the program on depression symptoms, perceived stress, positive affect, and substance use and to compare differences between groups that were led by a peer versus those that were led by a licensed clinician. Methods High school students (n = 39) were recruited primarily through social media advertisements, and assigned to four groups of 8–12 individuals to collaboratively participate in an 8 week peer network-based online preventive intervention which were led by a trained peer guide or a licensed clinician. Participants were provided with didactic lessons, CBT-based mood management tools, and peer networking features, and completed quantitative and qualitative feedback at baseline, midpoint, end of intervention, and 1 month follow-up. Results The program attracted and retained users primarily from social media and was used frequently by many of the participants (system login M = 25.62, SD = 16.58). Participants rated the program as usable, and offered several suggestions for improving the program, including allowing for further personalization by the individual user, and including more prompts to engage with the social network. From baseline to end of intervention, significant decreases were observed in depressive symptoms and perceived stress (p's < 0.05). Significant increases in positive affect were observed from baseline to midpoint (p < 0.05) and no changes were observed in substance use, although the rate of substance use was low in this sample. While this study had low power to detect group differences, no consistent differences were observed between participants in a peer-led group and those in a clinician-led group. Conclusions Results of this study indicate that ProjectTECH, an indicated preventive intervention for high school-aged adolescents, demonstrates both feasibility, acceptability, and short-term, longitudinal psychological benefits for participants. Future iterations of the program may benefit from close attention to user interface design and the continued use of trained peer support guides.

AB - Background There is an ongoing need for effective and accessible preventive interventions for adolescent depression and substance abuse. This paper reports on a field trial of an online indicated preventive intervention, ProjectTECH, which is based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques. The study aims to gather information about the feasibility and acceptability of this program. Secondary aims of this study were to examine the impact of the program on depression symptoms, perceived stress, positive affect, and substance use and to compare differences between groups that were led by a peer versus those that were led by a licensed clinician. Methods High school students (n = 39) were recruited primarily through social media advertisements, and assigned to four groups of 8–12 individuals to collaboratively participate in an 8 week peer network-based online preventive intervention which were led by a trained peer guide or a licensed clinician. Participants were provided with didactic lessons, CBT-based mood management tools, and peer networking features, and completed quantitative and qualitative feedback at baseline, midpoint, end of intervention, and 1 month follow-up. Results The program attracted and retained users primarily from social media and was used frequently by many of the participants (system login M = 25.62, SD = 16.58). Participants rated the program as usable, and offered several suggestions for improving the program, including allowing for further personalization by the individual user, and including more prompts to engage with the social network. From baseline to end of intervention, significant decreases were observed in depressive symptoms and perceived stress (p's < 0.05). Significant increases in positive affect were observed from baseline to midpoint (p < 0.05) and no changes were observed in substance use, although the rate of substance use was low in this sample. While this study had low power to detect group differences, no consistent differences were observed between participants in a peer-led group and those in a clinician-led group. Conclusions Results of this study indicate that ProjectTECH, an indicated preventive intervention for high school-aged adolescents, demonstrates both feasibility, acceptability, and short-term, longitudinal psychological benefits for participants. Future iterations of the program may benefit from close attention to user interface design and the continued use of trained peer support guides.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Cognitive behavioral therapy

KW - Depression

KW - Internet

KW - Prevention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014559187&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85014559187&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.invent.2017.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.invent.2017.02.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 28584734

AN - SCOPUS:85014559187

VL - 8

SP - 15

EP - 26

JO - Internet Interventions

JF - Internet Interventions

SN - 2214-7829

ER -