Temperature dependence of the optical transition energies of carbon nanotubes: The role of electron-phonon coupling and thermal expansion

S. B. Cronin*, Y. Yin, A. Walsh, Rodrigo B. Capaz, A. Stolyarov, P. Tangney, Marvin L. Cohen, Steven G. Louie, A. K. Swan, M. S. Ünlü, B. B. Goldberg, M. Tinkham

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Tunable Raman spectroscopy is used to measure the optical transition energies Eii of individual single wall carbon nanotubes. Eii is observed to shift down in energy by as much as 50 meV, from -160 to 300°C, in contrast with previous measurements performed on nanotubes in alternate environments, which show upshifts and downshifts in Eii with temperature. We determine that electron-phonon coupling explains our experimental observations of nanotubes suspended in air, neglecting thermal expansion. In contrast, for nanotubes in surfactant or in bundles, thermal expansion of the nanotubes' environment exerts a nonisotropic pressure on the nanotube that dominates over the effect of electron-phonon coupling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127403
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume96
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Cronin, S. B., Yin, Y., Walsh, A., Capaz, R. B., Stolyarov, A., Tangney, P., Cohen, M. L., Louie, S. G., Swan, A. K., Ünlü, M. S., Goldberg, B. B., & Tinkham, M. (2006). Temperature dependence of the optical transition energies of carbon nanotubes: The role of electron-phonon coupling and thermal expansion. Physical review letters, 96(12), [127403]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.127403