Temporal evolution of the nanostructure of Al(Sc,Zr) alloys: Part II-coarsening of Al3(Sc1-xZrx) precipitates

Christian B. Fuller, David N. Seidman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

171 Scopus citations


The coarsening behavior of four Al(Sc,Zr) alloys containing small volume fractions (<0.01) of Al3(Sc1-xZrx) (L1 2) precipitates was investigated employing conventional transmission electron microscopy (CTEM) and high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM). The activation energies for diffusion-limited coarsening were obtained employing the Umantsev-Olson-Kuehmann-Voorhees (UOKV) model for multi-component alloys. The addition of Zr is shown to retard significantly the coarsening rate and stabilize precipitate morphologies. HREM of Al(Sc,Zr) alloys aged at 300 °C reveals Al3(Sc1-xZrx) precipitates with sharp facets parallel to {1 0 0} and {1 1 0} planes. Coarsening of Al-0.07 Sc-0.019 Zr at.%, Al-0.06 Sc-0.005 Zr at.% and Al-0.09 Sc-0.047 Zr at.% alloys is shown to be controlled by volume diffusion of Zr atoms, while coarsening of Al-0.14 Sc-0.012 Zr at.% is controlled by volume diffusion of Sc atoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5415-5428
Number of pages14
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number20
StatePublished - Dec 2005


  • Al-Sc-Zr
  • Coarsening
  • Nanostructure
  • Phase transformations
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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