Ternary Chalcogenides BaMxTe2(M = Cu, Ag): Syntheses, Modulated Crystal Structures, Optical Properties, and Electronic Calculations

Subhendu Jana, Mohd Ishtiyak, Gopabandhu Panigrahi, Jai Prakash, Adel Mesbah, Saber Gueddida, Sébastien Lebègue, Christos D. Malliakas, James A. Ibers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Standard solid-state methods produced black crystals of the compounds BaCu0.43(3)Te2 and BaAg0.77(1)Te2 at 1173 K; the crystal structures of each were established using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Both crystal structures are modulated. The compound BaCu0.43(3)Te2 crystallizes in the monoclinic superspace group P2(αβ1/2)0, having cell dimensions of a = 4.6406(5) Å, b = 4.6596(5) Å, c = 10.362(1) Å, β = 90.000(9)°, and Z = 2 and an incommensurate vector of q = 0.3499(6)b∗ + 0.5c*. The compound BaAg0.77(1)Te2 crystallizes in the orthorhombic P21212(α00)000 superspace group with cell dimensions of a = 4.6734(1) Å, b = 4.6468(1) Å, c = 11.1376(3) Å, and Z = 2 and an incommensurate vector of q = 0.364(2)a*. The asymmetric unit of the BaCu0.43(3)Te2 structure comprises eight crystallographically independent sites; that for BaAg0.77(1)Te2 comprises four. In these two structures, each of the M (M = Cu, Ag) atoms is connected to four Te atoms to make two-dimensional layers of [MxTe4/4]n- that are separated by layers of Ba atoms and square nets of Te. A Raman spectroscopic study at 298(2) K on a pelletized polycrystalline sample of BaAg0.8Te2 shows the presence of Ag-Te (83, 116, and 139 cm-1) and Ba-Te vibrations (667 and 732 cm-1). A UV-vis-NIR spectroscopic study on a powdered sample of BaAg0.8Te2 shows the semiconducting nature of the compound with a direct band gap of 1.0(2) eV, consistent with its black color. DFT calculations give a pseudo bandgap with a weak value of the DOS at the Fermi level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12276-12285
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 8 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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