Paul Howard Arntson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to test Basil Bernstein's sociolinguistie theories. Based on an interview study of 138 kindergarten children, the data for the most part did not support Bernstein's ideas. Speech style indicators did not cluster into elaborated and restricted variants. Neither social control strategies nor school achievement scores were differentially related to elaborated and restricted variants. There was marginal evidence that some elaborated speech style indicators were related negatively to family size. Finally, children's social perceptions, a measure of elaborated codes at the psychological level, were related positively to their school achievement scores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-48
Number of pages16
JournalHuman Communication Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language

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