Testosterone supplementation for erectile dysfunction: Results of a meta-analysis

Pankaj Jain*, Alfred W. Rademaker, Kevin T. Mcvary

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations


Purpose: To our knowledge a causal relationship between altered levels of androgens and erectile dysfunction has not yet been established. We reviewed the literature to assess the usefulness of androgen replacement for erectile dysfunction. Materials and Methods: Meta-analysis was chosen as the method of evaluating the literature. Study inclusion criteria were testosterone given as the only therapy for erectile dysfunction and a clearly stated definition of response for evaluating treatment success or failure. Results: We evaluated 73 articles obtained by a MEDLINE search of 1966 to 1998 and included 16 in our study. The overall response rate was 57%. In the 9 series with response rate by etiology patients with primary versus secondary testicular failure had a response rate of 64% versus 44% (p <0.001). Intramuscular and oral methods of delivery were equivalent with a response rate of 51.3% and 53.2%, respectively. However, the response to transdermal therapy was significantly different from that of intramuscular and oral treatment (80.9% versus 51.3% and 53.2%, respectively, p <0.001). The mean confidence level response for testosterone treatment was 16.7% in the placebo and 65.4% in the treated group (p <0.0001). Conclusions: Our meta-analysis of the usefulness of androgen replacement therapy for erectile dysfunction indicates that the response rate for a primary etiology was improved over that for a secondary etiology, transdermal testosterone therapy was more effective than intramuscular or oral treatment, and intramuscular and oral treatments were equivalent. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference in favor of testosterone over placebo, implying a role for supplementation in select groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-375
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2000


  • Androgen replacement
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Meta-analysis
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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