Texturing of metallic surfaces for superhydrophobicity by water jet guided laser micro-machining

Yi Shi*, Zilin Jiang, Jian Cao, Kornel F. Ehmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This experimental work demonstrates a new cost-effective way of achieving superhydrophobicity on metallic surfaces by micro-texturing with a novel water jet guided laser process. Compared to conventional pure laser texturing by nanosecond, picosecond and femtosecond lasers, water jet guided laser processing yields textures with an almost zero heat affected zone while the debris on the textured surface is simultaneously cleaned by the jet during the process. The effects of grid spacing, laser power coupled into the jet and water jet diameter are examined and processing conditions for achieving superhydrophobicity are provided. Changes in the wetting of the surface over time under ambient conditions from hydrophilic to superhydrophobic, due to changes in surface chemistry, were explored. It has been shown that the surface contact angle dramatically increases within the first couple of days after texturing when exposed to air. After around 20 days, the contact angle stabilized at 150°, 130° and 129° on textured 304 stainless steel, titanium and 6061 aluminum surfaces, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number144286
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume500
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2020

Fingerprint

hydraulic jets
Texturing
machining
Machining
Water
Lasers
lasers
Contact angle
Stainless Steel
Heat affected zone
Processing
Titanium
Surface chemistry
Ultrashort pulses
Aluminum
heat affected zone
Debris
Wetting
debris
Stainless steel

Keywords

  • Superhydrophobicity
  • Surface texturing
  • Water jet guided laser processing
  • Wetting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

@article{53b9f6ae5c0549608c062ab5fad6cc41,
title = "Texturing of metallic surfaces for superhydrophobicity by water jet guided laser micro-machining",
abstract = "This experimental work demonstrates a new cost-effective way of achieving superhydrophobicity on metallic surfaces by micro-texturing with a novel water jet guided laser process. Compared to conventional pure laser texturing by nanosecond, picosecond and femtosecond lasers, water jet guided laser processing yields textures with an almost zero heat affected zone while the debris on the textured surface is simultaneously cleaned by the jet during the process. The effects of grid spacing, laser power coupled into the jet and water jet diameter are examined and processing conditions for achieving superhydrophobicity are provided. Changes in the wetting of the surface over time under ambient conditions from hydrophilic to superhydrophobic, due to changes in surface chemistry, were explored. It has been shown that the surface contact angle dramatically increases within the first couple of days after texturing when exposed to air. After around 20 days, the contact angle stabilized at 150°, 130° and 129° on textured 304 stainless steel, titanium and 6061 aluminum surfaces, respectively.",
keywords = "Superhydrophobicity, Surface texturing, Water jet guided laser processing, Wetting",
author = "Yi Shi and Zilin Jiang and Jian Cao and Ehmann, {Kornel F.}",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.144286",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "500",
journal = "Applied Surface Science",
issn = "0169-4332",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Texturing of metallic surfaces for superhydrophobicity by water jet guided laser micro-machining. / Shi, Yi; Jiang, Zilin; Cao, Jian; Ehmann, Kornel F.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 500, 144286, 15.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Texturing of metallic surfaces for superhydrophobicity by water jet guided laser micro-machining

AU - Shi, Yi

AU - Jiang, Zilin

AU - Cao, Jian

AU - Ehmann, Kornel F.

PY - 2020/1/15

Y1 - 2020/1/15

N2 - This experimental work demonstrates a new cost-effective way of achieving superhydrophobicity on metallic surfaces by micro-texturing with a novel water jet guided laser process. Compared to conventional pure laser texturing by nanosecond, picosecond and femtosecond lasers, water jet guided laser processing yields textures with an almost zero heat affected zone while the debris on the textured surface is simultaneously cleaned by the jet during the process. The effects of grid spacing, laser power coupled into the jet and water jet diameter are examined and processing conditions for achieving superhydrophobicity are provided. Changes in the wetting of the surface over time under ambient conditions from hydrophilic to superhydrophobic, due to changes in surface chemistry, were explored. It has been shown that the surface contact angle dramatically increases within the first couple of days after texturing when exposed to air. After around 20 days, the contact angle stabilized at 150°, 130° and 129° on textured 304 stainless steel, titanium and 6061 aluminum surfaces, respectively.

AB - This experimental work demonstrates a new cost-effective way of achieving superhydrophobicity on metallic surfaces by micro-texturing with a novel water jet guided laser process. Compared to conventional pure laser texturing by nanosecond, picosecond and femtosecond lasers, water jet guided laser processing yields textures with an almost zero heat affected zone while the debris on the textured surface is simultaneously cleaned by the jet during the process. The effects of grid spacing, laser power coupled into the jet and water jet diameter are examined and processing conditions for achieving superhydrophobicity are provided. Changes in the wetting of the surface over time under ambient conditions from hydrophilic to superhydrophobic, due to changes in surface chemistry, were explored. It has been shown that the surface contact angle dramatically increases within the first couple of days after texturing when exposed to air. After around 20 days, the contact angle stabilized at 150°, 130° and 129° on textured 304 stainless steel, titanium and 6061 aluminum surfaces, respectively.

KW - Superhydrophobicity

KW - Surface texturing

KW - Water jet guided laser processing

KW - Wetting

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073116612&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073116612&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.144286

DO - 10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.144286

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85073116612

VL - 500

JO - Applied Surface Science

JF - Applied Surface Science

SN - 0169-4332

M1 - 144286

ER -