TFF3 modulates NF-κB and a novel negative regulatory molecule of NF-κB in intestinal epithelial cells via a mechanism distinct from TNF-α

Ya Qin Zhu, Xiao Di Tan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trefoil factor 3 (intestinal trefoil factor) is a cytoprotective factor in the gut. Herein we compared the effect of trefoil factor 3 with tumor necrosis factor-α on 1) activation of NF-κB in intestinal epithelial cells; 2) expression of Twist protein (a molecule essential for downregulation of nuclear factor-κB activity in vivo); and 3) production of interleukin-8. We showed that Twist protein is constitutively expressed in intestinal epithelial cells. Tumor necrosis factor-α induced persistent degradation of Twist protein in intestinal epithelial cells via a signaling pathway linked to proteasome, which was associated with prolonged activation of NF-κB. In contrast to tumor necrosis factor, trefoil factor 3 triggered transient activation of NF-κB and prolonged upregulation of Twist protein in intestinal epithelial cells via an ERK kinase-mediated pathway. Unlike tumor necrosis factor-α, transient activation of NF-κB by trefoil factor 3 is not associated with induction of IL-8 in cells. To examine the role of Twist protein in intestinal epithelial cells, we silenced the Twist expression by siRNA. Our data showed that trefoil factor 3 induced interleukin-8 production after silencing Twist in intestinal epithelial cells. Together, these observations indicated that 1) trefoil factor 3 triggers a diverse signal from tumor necrosis factor-α on the activation of NF-κB and its associated molecules in intestinal epithelial cells; and 2) trefoil factor 3-induced Twist protein plays an important role in the modulation of inflammatory cytokine production in intestinal epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1085-C1093
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume289
Issue number5 58-5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Signal transduction
  • Trefoil factor 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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