The 22q11.2 microdeletion: Fifteen years of insights into the genetic and neural complexity of psychiatric disorders

Liam J. Drew, Gregg W. Crabtree, Sander Markx, Kimberly L. Stark, Florence Chaverneff, Bin Xu, Jun Mukai, Karine Fenelon, Pei Ken Hsu, Joseph A. Gogos*, Maria Karayiorgou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last fifteen years it has become established that 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a true genetic risk factor for schizophrenia. Carriers of deletions in chromosome 22q11.2 develop schizophrenia at rate of 25-30% and such deletions account for as many as 1-2% of cases of sporadic schizophrenia in the general population. Access to a relatively homogeneous population of individuals that suffer from schizophrenia as the result of a shared etiological factor and the potential to generate etiologically valid mouse models provides an immense opportunity to better understand the pathobiology of this disease. In this review we survey the clinical literature associated with the 22q11.2 microdeletions with a focus on neuroanatomical changes. Then, we highlight results from work modeling this structural mutation in animals. The key biological pathways disrupted by the mutation are discussed and how these changes impact the structure and function of neural circuits is described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-281
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • 22q11.2
  • Comt
  • Copy number variant
  • Dgcr8
  • MicroRNAs
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Palmitoylation
  • Prodh
  • Psychiatric genetics
  • Schizophrenia
  • Zdhhc8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology

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