The ABCs of OTCs: A Video-Based Curriculum Regarding Over-the-Counter Pediatric Products

Alanna Higgins Joyce, Kristin Van Genderen, Shelly Vaziri Flais, Meg Keeley, Nathan Gollehon, Michael S. Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Over-the-counter (OTC) products are widely used by families with young children. To educate future pediatricians on OTC product counseling and support the health and safety of children under their care, modern, accessible, and engaging curricula are needed. Methods: We developed an OTC product curriculum consisting of seven videos and one facilitated group discussion using a flipped classroom pedagogy to educate students on counseling parents about OTC product use. Fourth-year medical students pursuing pediatric training from four institutions participated in the curriculum during their end-of-year transition-to-residency course. We measured effectiveness via a pre/post comparison using a student self-assessment with multiple-choice questions. A simulated parent call OSCE provided participants with an opportunity to apply their knowledge and receive directed formative feedback. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: A total of 41 students participated in the curriculum and completed all assessments. The majority (93%) watched all the videos. All participants (100%) agreed the videos were useful. Knowledge improved significantly (pretest mean score = 70%, posttest mean score = 87%, p < .001). No significant differences were found when comparing institution, gender, prior experience, or electives. Discussion: We developed a feasible and effective video-based curriculum to teach OTC product guidance. Given the importance of discussing OTC medications with families and the need for convenient educational tools, this curriculum may have widespread application to medical students during clinical rotations as well as pediatric and family medicine trainees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11315
Number of pages1
JournalMedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources
StatePublished - 2023


  • Clinical Skills Assessment/OSCEs
  • Over-the-Counter Products
  • Pediatrics
  • Pharmacy
  • Primary Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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