The acute and chronic effects of verapamil on left ventricular function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

R. O. Bonow, D. R. Rosing, S. E. Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Verapamil therapy improves exercise tolerance and decreases symptoms in many patients with both obstructive and nonobstructive forms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. These salutatory clinical effects result from favorable modification by verapamil of the pathophysiological abnormalities in left ventricular function characteristic of this disease: impaired early diastolic relaxation and filling, end-diastolic volume and stroke volume, hypercontractile systolic function, and, in many patients, subvalvular outflow tract obstruction. The acute administration of intravenous verapamil produces both significant negative inotropic effects and significant effects on left ventricular diastolic function, resulting in reduced contractile state, diminished outflow gradient, increased end-diastolic volume and stroke volume and improved relaxation and diastolic filling. In some patients, one effect may predominate over the other, and improved end-diastolic function may be masked by the profound changes in systolic function. During short-term oral therapy, enhanced diastolic function is the predominant effect, although negative inotropic mechanism are evident in some patients. These effects on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function persist during chronic oral verapamil therapy, contributing to the long-term clinical improvement experienced by many patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume4
Issue numberSUPPL. F
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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