We compared the callosal afferent and efferent connections of different retinotopic loci within a given visual cortical area as well as the connectivity patterns among similar retinotopic loci in different visual areas. Small injections (75 nl) of a mixture of horseradish peroxidase and [3H]leucine were made through a recording pipette at injection sites identified by retinotopic mapping. A small locus of cortex within a callosally connected region had precise reciprocal connections with the homotopic locus in the contralateral hemisphere. This small locus also was callosally connected with a variable number of heterotopic loci. Both reciprocal and nonreciprocal heterotopic callosal connections were found. Homotopic and heterotopic connections appeared to have a high degree of retinotopic fidelity. Precisely homotopic connections were present not only between locations on the vertical meridian representations at the left and right area 17/18 borders but also, for example, between mirror-symmetrical points on the peripheral horizontal meridian representation in the left and right posteromedial lateral suprasylvian areas. In several experiments, we found that both callosal neurons and terminals in the homotopic cortex were grouped into two to three distinct clusters ranging from 600 to 900 μm in width. Callosal neurons with homotopic connections were primarily pyramidal cells in lower layer III and upper layer IV. Outside of areas 17 and 18, there was a significant number of pyramidal and fusiform-shaped callosal neurons in layers V and VI. The majority of callosal terminals were located in layers II, III, and IV.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - 1982|
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