The aortic stenosis complex: Aortic valve, atherosclerosis, aortopathy

Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas*, Brian Wolfe, Yazhini Ravi, Scott Lilly, Haikady N. Nagaraja, Chittoor B. Sai-Sudhakar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Background: Aortic stenosis may be related to coronary atherosclerosis in patients with tricuspid aortic valve, while aortic dilatation often is present in patients with bicuspid aortic valve. We sought to define associations among aortic stenosis, coronary atherosclerosis, and thoracic aortic aneurysm in patients with tricuspid or bicuspid aortic valve undergoing surgery for aortic stenosis in a large referral medical center. Methods: Two hundred seventy patients with severe aortic stenosis (tricuspid 175, bicuspid 95) undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) were studied. Results: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery plus AVR was required more often in tricuspid compared to bicuspid aortic valve [62.2% versus 26.3%; p<. 0.0001; odds ratio 4.5, confidence interval (CI) 2.5-8.3]. The incidence of coronary atherosclerosis requiring CABG in bicuspid aortic valve (26.3%) was greater than that expected in the general population for similar age. Thoracic aorta surgery due to aortic aneurysm plus AVR was performed more often in bicuspid compared to tricuspid aortic valve (27.3% versus 3.4%; p<. 0.0001; odds ratio 7.7, CI 3.0-22.1). The incidence of ascending aorta aneurysm requiring surgery, however, was not more common in tricuspid aortic valve (3.4%) to that expected in the general population for similar age. Conclusion: Incidence of coronary atherosclerosis is high in patients with aortic stenosis, both in those with tricuspid and bicuspid aortic valve. Incidence of ascending aortic aneurysm is high in patients with bicuspid, but not those with tricuspid aortic valve. These findings should be taken into consideration in the evaluation and management of patients with the aortic stenosis complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-382
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Bicuspid valve
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Tricuspid valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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