The art of peer review: Guidelines to become a credible and constructive peer reviewer

M. Libby Weaver*, Rachael Sundland, Alexandra M. Adams, Isabella Faria, Hope A. Feldman, Hallbera Gudmundsdottir, Hannah Marmor, Victoria Miles, Brielle Ochoa, Samantha M. Ruff, Celsa Tonelli, Maria S. Altieri, Lisa Cannada, Karuna Dewan, Yana Etkin, Rebecca Marmor, Jennifer K. Plichta, Chantal Reyna, Leah Tatebe, Laura M. DrudiCaitlin W. Hicks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Peer review is a learned skill set that requires knowledge of study design, review construct, ethical considerations, and general expertise in a field of study. Participating in peer review is a rewarding and valuable experience in which all academic physicians are encouraged to partake. However, formal training opportunities in peer review are limited. In 2021, the Association of Women Surgeons and the journal Surgery collaborated to develop a Peer Review Academy. This academy is a 1-year longitudinal course that offers a select group of young women surgical trainees across all specialties a curriculum of monthly lectures and multiple formal mentored peer review opportunities to assist them in developing the foundation necessary to transition to independent peer review. The trainees and faculty mentors participating in the Association of Women Surgeons–Surgery Peer Review Academy compiled a summary of best peer review practices, which is intended to outline the elements of the skill set necessary to become a proficient peer reviewer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-478
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Vascular Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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