The Association between the Intertwin Interval and Adverse Neonatal Outcomes

Kate Swanson*, William A. Grobman, Emily S. Miller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective Previous data examining the association between the interval between the delivery of the first and second twin (intertwin interval) and adverse neonatal outcomes are conflicting. We sought to evaluate whether intertwin interval is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes for the second twin in a contemporary U. S. cohort. Methods This is a cohort study of women who delivered twins at or after 32 weeks gestation between 2006 and 2014 and whose first twin was delivered vaginally vertex. The intertwin interval was dichotomized as < 10 minutes or ≥ 10 minutes. Adverse outcomes included arterial cord pH ≤ 7.1, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, respiratory distress, intraventricular hemorrhage, and death. Results Of the 171 subjects, 61 (35.7%) had an intertwin interval of ≥ 10 minutes. There were no differences in maternal characteristics. Intertwin interval of ≥ 10 minutes was associated with an increased frequency of arterial pH ≤ 7.1 (22.0 vs. 8.2%, p = 0.03), which persisted after adjusting for confounders (adjusted odds ratio, 2.94; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-8.33). Other adverse outcomes did not differ. Conclusion Intertwin interval of ≥ 10 minutes was associated with increased frequency of arterial pH ≤ 7.1 in the second twin, but no other adverse neonatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-73
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of perinatology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017



  • intertwin interval
  • second twin delivery
  • twin delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this