Purpose: To determine whether phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor documentation is associated with biochemical relapse-free and overall survival of patients with prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy. Materials and methods: We undertook a retrospective cohort analysis of 3,100 patients with prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy between 2003 and 2015. The patients were categorized as a phosphodiesterase- 5- inhibitor user or non-user. The biochemical relapse-free and overall survival at 5-years and 10-years were determined. Results: Of the patients, 1,372 reported phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor documentation, and 1,728 did not. The biochemical recurrence-free survival for non-users at 5- and 10-years follow-up was 87.6% and 85.3%, respectively, and the overall survival at these time intervals was 97.9% and 94.5%. The biochemical recurrence-free survival for phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor users was 94.3% and 93.2% at 5- and 10-years follow-up, respectively, and overall survival was 99.2% and 95.8% at these intervals. The hazard ratio for biochemical recurrence-free survival was 0.44 (CI 0.34–0.56) and for overall survival was 0.65 (CI 0.45–0.94). On the multivariate analysis, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor documentation was associated with a lower risk of biochemical recurrence and death when corrected for the other variables. Age at surgery and Gleason scores >8 was associated with a higher risk of death. Higher pathological stage, higher Gleason score, presence of lymph node metastases, and nonwhite race were associated with a higher risk of recurrence. Conclusion: This retrospective analysis revealed a significant association of postoperative phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor documentation with biochemical recurrence-free- and overall survival in patients with localized prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy. Larger scale studies are warranted to investigate the clinical significance of this association.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2021|
- Genitourinary Cancer
- Medical Therapy
- Prostatic Neoplasms
ASJC Scopus subject areas