The ATPase module of mammalian SWI/SNF family complexes mediates subcomplex identity and catalytic activity–independent genomic targeting

Joshua Pan, Zachary M. McKenzie, Andrew R. D’Avino, Nazar Mashtalir, Caleb A. Lareau, Roodolph St. Pierre, Lu Wang, Ali Shilatifard, Cigall Kadoch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perturbations to mammalian switch/sucrose non-fermentable (mSWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling complexes have been widely implicated as driving events in cancer 1 . One such perturbation is the dual loss of the SMARCA4 and SMARCA2 ATPase subunits in small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) 2–5 , SMARCA4-deficient thoracic sarcomas 6 and dedifferentiated endometrial carcinomas 7 . However, the consequences of dual ATPase subunit loss on mSWI/SNF complex subunit composition, chromatin targeting, DNA accessibility and gene expression remain unknown. Here we identify an ATPase module of subunits that is required for functional specification of the Brahma-related gene–associated factor (BAF) and polybromo-associated BAF (PBAF) mSWI/SNF family subcomplexes. Using SMARCA4/2 ATPase mutant variants, we define the catalytic activity–dependent and catalytic activity–independent contributions of the ATPase module to the targeting of BAF and PBAF complexes on chromatin genome-wide. Finally, by linking distinct mSWI/SNF complex target sites to tumor-suppressive gene expression programs, we clarify the transcriptional consequences of SMARCA4/2 dual loss in SCCOHT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-626
Number of pages9
JournalNature Genetics
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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