The azoospermic male: Contemporary evaluation and treatment

Robert E. Brannigan, Daniel T. Oberlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The finding of azoospermia is not a clinical "endpoint" for infertile males, but rather a branch point in the continuing clinical algorithm with a diverse set of potential treatment options. A thorough history and physical exam in conjunction with appropriate laboratory evaluation will supply the majority of clinical information necessary in making the diagnosis. Technological breakthroughs over the last 2 decades have radically changed the potential for men with azoospermia to father offspring. Microsurgical reconstructive techniques are a viable option for men with obstructive azoospermia. Finally, microsurgical sperm extraction procedures, in conjunction with IVF/ICSI, have enabled large numbers of azoospermic men to become biological fathers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUrology Times
Issue number6
StatePublished - Apr 15 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical–Surgical
  • Urology
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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