The Camoebians (testate amoebae) and foraminifera from three anchialine cenotes in Mexico: Low salinity (1.5-4.5 psu) faubal transitions

P. J. van Hengstum, E. G. Reinhardt, P. A. Beddows, R. J. Huang, J. J. Gabriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study presents the first systematic documentation of thecamoebians and foraminifera in anchialine cenotes (sink-holes) from Quintana Roo, Mexico. Thirty-three surface sediment samples (upper 5 cm) were collected from cenotes Carwash (1.5 psu), Maya Blue (2.9 psu) and El Eden (>3.3 psu). Q-mode cluster analysis of the faunal distributions isolated four low-diversity (Shannon diversity index 1.0-1.5) and salinity-controlled assemblages. Assemblage 1 (1.5 psu) is dominated by the thecamoebians Centropyxis aculeata "aculeata" (53%) and Arcella vulgaris (21%). Assemblage 2 (2.9 ± 0.2 psu) is dominated by Centropyxis aculeata "discoides" (41%) and Centropyxis aculeata "aculeata" (27%). Dwarfed (∼50 μm) Centropyxis constricta "aerophila" (20%) with an autogenous test and Jadammina macrescens (29%) dominate Assemblage 3 (3.4 ± 0.2 psu). Finally, Ammonia tepida (51%), Tritaxis sp. (29%) and Elphidium sp. (11%) dominate Assemblage 4 (3.7 ± 0.4 psu). Thecamoebian and foraminiferal populations in the subtropical cenotes are distributed according to salinity variations as found in other temperate paralic systems. The centropyxid taxa trended towards ecophenotypes without spines with increasing salinity, and dwarfed and autogenous-shelled Centropyxis constricta "aerophila" were determined as the most eurybaline thecamoebian, persisting at the ecological boundary of the group (∼3.3 psu). Importantly, the transition from a thecamoebian-dominated assemblage to a foraminiferan-dominated assemblage occurs at a salinity of approximately 3.5 psu.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-317
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Foraminiferal Research
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Palaeontology

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