The cardiorenal syndrome: Recognition and treatment

Francesco Fedele*, Leonardo De Luca, Mihai Gheorghiade

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The term "cardiorenal syndrome" has been applied to the presence or development of a renal dysfunction in heart failure patients. Renal function that worsens during hospitalization is a major precipitant of decompensation and cause for admissions in heart failure patients and is a more important predictor of adverse outcome than baseline renal function. Despite growing recognition of the frequent presentation of this combined cardiac and renal dysfunction, its underlying pathophysiology has not been well described and its management remains even less well understood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)941-945
Number of pages5
JournalItalian heart journal : official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2005


  • Cardiorenal syndrome
  • Heart failure
  • Renal dysfunction
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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