A 37 year-old previously healthy man from Jamaica presented with 2-3 months of progressive trouble ambulating and incontinence. By 1 month prior to arrival he was wheelchair bound and unable to ambulate even with assistance. He started to wear a diaper for bladder and bowel incontinence. He also complained of painless numbness in his legs over the same period of time. His exam is notable for marked weakness and spasticity in his legs, with hyper-reflexia and clonus. He has a sensory level at the level of the umbilicus. An MRI shows a longitudinally extensive T2 signal change throughout the thoracic cord. His cerebrospinal fluid is mildly inflammatory. His HTLV-1 antibody test is reactive.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology