The cell-specific nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 plays multiple roles in reproductive function.

X. Luo*, Y. Ikeda, K. L. Parker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


The cytochrome P450 steroid hydroxylases exhibit tissue-specific and developmentally regulated gene expression. Recent studies showed that the orphan nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) plays a key role in their gene regulation. In mouse embryos, SF-1 expression began at the inception of adrenal and gonadal development, suggesting that SF-1 plays a key role in the steroidogenic cell differentiation. SF-1 was also expressed in the developing pituitary gland and diencephalon, which raised the possibility that it also has additional roles in endocrine development. To examine the role of SF-1 in intact mice, we disrupted the gene encoding SF-1 by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells; this approach ultimately permitted us to generate SF-1 knockout mice in which the gene encoding SF-1 was inactivated. These studies revealed essential roles of SF-1 in endocrine development that included adrenal and gonadal development, expression of several markers of pituitary gonadotropes, and formation of the ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH) nucleus. These results indicate that SF-1 acts at multiple levels of the reproductive axis to maintain reproductive competence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-283
Number of pages5
JournalPhilosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
Issue number1333
StatePublished - Nov 29 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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