The Cognitive-Miser Response Model: Testing for Intuitive and Deliberate Reasoning

Ulf Böckenholt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


In a number of psychological studies, answers to reasoning vignettes have been shown to result from both intuitive and deliberate response processes. This paper utilizes a psychometric model to separate these two response tendencies. An experimental application shows that the proposed model facilitates the analysis of dual-process item responses and the assessment of individual-difference factors, as well as conditions that favor one response tendency over another one.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-399
Number of pages12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • local item dependencies
  • marginal maximum likelihood estimation
  • multiple-choice items
  • nominal response model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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