The enzymatic activities of uPA, and a collagenase-like proteinase in the post-nuclear fraction of cell homogenates of a metastatic carcinomatous cell line following X-ray irradiation were examined by the use of chromogenic substrates and by casein- or gelatin-containing zymographies and electrophoretic gel stained with avidin-conjugated peroxidase. Enhanced activities were observed in these cells, while those of 5′nucleotidase and Na+-K+-ATPase were attenuated. A partial purification and characterization of the collagenase showed that it was able to hydrolyze the heat-denatured type-I collagen more efficiently than the native one. The activation of both uPA and collagenase enables an efficient degradation of matrix barrier proteins. These findings suggest that following a certain dose range of X-ray irradiation, tumor cells may increase their ability to migrate and invade through the enhancement of uPA and collagenase activities.
- type-I collagen
ASJC Scopus subject areas