The context matters

Susan Folkman*, Judith Tedlie Moskowitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Carver et al. challenge the importance assigned to personal control over desired outcomes as a determinant of distress in stressful situations. The authors contend that it is the expectancy of a positive outcome, and not control over achieving that outcome, that matters. The authors argue that both outcome and control expectancies can matter with respect to distress or psychological well-being; their relative importance is determined by dimensions of the person-environment context including the importance of the outcome, dispositional preferences regarding control, the contingency between personal control and the outcome, self-efficacy expectancies, and the consequences of exercising control for other areas of one's life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-151
Number of pages2
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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