The Cumulative Incidence and Progression of Ileal Pouch Adenomas in Patients with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Chun Hin Angus Lee, Matthew F. Kalady, Carol A. Burke, Mohammad Ali Abbass, Xue Jia, James Church*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis who have undergone restorative proctocolectomy can develop adenomas in the pouch. OBJECTIVE: To review experience with pouch surveillance and create a classification system for polyposis severity. DESIGN: A retrospective review of patients undergoing IPAA and follow-up at 1 institution. SETTING: A center for hereditary colorectal cancer within a quaternary referral center. PATIENTS: All patients undergoing IPAA and followed endoscopically after surgery by the center. INTERVENTIONS: Yearly pouchoscopy and treatment of polyps as required. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measure was incidence and severity of pouch neoplasia and its changes with time. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who had a restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis at Cleveland Clinic. Severity of polyposis was classified on the basis of size, number, and histology. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-five patients were analyzed. The median age at IPAA was 31 years and 52% were male. The median follow-up was 10.1 years; the median number of pouchoscopies per patient was 4. The median interval between pouchoscopies was 21.9 months. Overall, the incidence of pouch adenomas was found in 47 patients (28.5%). The median time from pouch to first pouch adenoma diagnosis was 10.3 years. The estimated cumulative incidence rates of pouch adenoma at 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 years after IPAA were 5.9%, 21.7%, 40%, 54.8%, and 69.9%, respectively. At the first diagnosis of pouch adenoma, 25 patients had stage 1, 10 had stage 2, 8 had stage 3, and 4 had stage 4. Twenty of 47 patients progressed to a higher stage. No patient developed cancer. LIMITATIONS: Genotype was not available for all patients. CONCLUSIONS: There is an increasing incidence of pouch neoplasia after restorative proctocolectomy, reaching a plateau at 25 years. The polyposis is usually mild but sometimes increases in severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1532-1538
Number of pages7
JournalDiseases of the colon and rectum
Volume66
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2023

Keywords

  • Familial adenomatous polyposis
  • Pouch polyposis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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