The cuticle database: Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record

Richard Barclay*, Jennifer McElwain, David Dilcher, Bradley B Sageman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fossil cuticle usually preserves a perfect replica of the plant epidermis and thus provides an unparalleled record of epidermal micromorphological characters useful for answering a variety of scientific questions. Paleobotanical applications involving cuticle have focused either on taxonomic identification of species or on the assessment of paleoecological and paleoenvironmental conditions. Taxonomic identification using epidermal characters has long been an endeavor of paleobotanists. The most conservative approach has been to assign specimens to morphotypes, while specimens with more characters have facilitated the establishment of new species in fossil genera, usually within modern families. In certain cases, epidermal characters have been combined with information from other plant organs to compare coeval floras from different basins. Recent research has benefited from an improved understanding of the relationships between the morphology preserved by cuticle and the paleoenvironmental conditions where the plant developed. However, these studies are limited by the difficulties in the identification of fossil cuticle, in particular dispersed cuticle, which often provides the best temporal resolution for paleoenvironmental study. To address this key limitation, we have developed an Internet-accessible database of cuticle images, referred to as the Cuticle Database Project (or Cuticle), which will facilitate the identification of fossil cuticle material through the development of an identification key structure. This database will help to facilitate identification of cuticle specimens and to advance attempts to distinguish which epidermal characters are environmentally controlled, http://fm1.fieldmuseum.org/cuticule/PaleoCollaborator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe
Pages39-55
Number of pages17
Edition258
StatePublished - Nov 15 2007

Publication series

NameCFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg
Number258
ISSN (Print)0341-4116

Fingerprint

cuticle
fossil
identification key
morphotype
flora
new species

Keywords

  • Angiosperms
  • Cuticle database project
  • Field museum
  • Florida museum
  • Fossil
  • PaleoCollaborator
  • Stomatal distribution
  • Stomatal frequency
  • Taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Barclay, R., McElwain, J., Dilcher, D., & Sageman, B. B. (2007). The cuticle database: Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record. In Advances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe (258 ed., pp. 39-55). (CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg; No. 258).
Barclay, Richard ; McElwain, Jennifer ; Dilcher, David ; Sageman, Bradley B. / The cuticle database : Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record. Advances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe. 258. ed. 2007. pp. 39-55 (CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg; 258).
@inbook{2d38dd52b4f94f0ebd83436d3f75fc50,
title = "The cuticle database: Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record",
abstract = "Fossil cuticle usually preserves a perfect replica of the plant epidermis and thus provides an unparalleled record of epidermal micromorphological characters useful for answering a variety of scientific questions. Paleobotanical applications involving cuticle have focused either on taxonomic identification of species or on the assessment of paleoecological and paleoenvironmental conditions. Taxonomic identification using epidermal characters has long been an endeavor of paleobotanists. The most conservative approach has been to assign specimens to morphotypes, while specimens with more characters have facilitated the establishment of new species in fossil genera, usually within modern families. In certain cases, epidermal characters have been combined with information from other plant organs to compare coeval floras from different basins. Recent research has benefited from an improved understanding of the relationships between the morphology preserved by cuticle and the paleoenvironmental conditions where the plant developed. However, these studies are limited by the difficulties in the identification of fossil cuticle, in particular dispersed cuticle, which often provides the best temporal resolution for paleoenvironmental study. To address this key limitation, we have developed an Internet-accessible database of cuticle images, referred to as the Cuticle Database Project (or Cuticle), which will facilitate the identification of fossil cuticle material through the development of an identification key structure. This database will help to facilitate identification of cuticle specimens and to advance attempts to distinguish which epidermal characters are environmentally controlled, http://fm1.fieldmuseum.org/cuticule/PaleoCollaborator.",
keywords = "Angiosperms, Cuticle database project, Field museum, Florida museum, Fossil, PaleoCollaborator, Stomatal distribution, Stomatal frequency, Taxonomy",
author = "Richard Barclay and Jennifer McElwain and David Dilcher and Sageman, {Bradley B}",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
day = "15",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "3510613880",
series = "CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg",
number = "258",
pages = "39--55",
booktitle = "Advances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe",
edition = "258",

}

Barclay, R, McElwain, J, Dilcher, D & Sageman, BB 2007, The cuticle database: Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record. in Advances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe. 258 edn, CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, no. 258, pp. 39-55.

The cuticle database : Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record. / Barclay, Richard; McElwain, Jennifer; Dilcher, David; Sageman, Bradley B.

Advances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe. 258. ed. 2007. p. 39-55 (CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg; No. 258).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - The cuticle database

T2 - Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record

AU - Barclay, Richard

AU - McElwain, Jennifer

AU - Dilcher, David

AU - Sageman, Bradley B

PY - 2007/11/15

Y1 - 2007/11/15

N2 - Fossil cuticle usually preserves a perfect replica of the plant epidermis and thus provides an unparalleled record of epidermal micromorphological characters useful for answering a variety of scientific questions. Paleobotanical applications involving cuticle have focused either on taxonomic identification of species or on the assessment of paleoecological and paleoenvironmental conditions. Taxonomic identification using epidermal characters has long been an endeavor of paleobotanists. The most conservative approach has been to assign specimens to morphotypes, while specimens with more characters have facilitated the establishment of new species in fossil genera, usually within modern families. In certain cases, epidermal characters have been combined with information from other plant organs to compare coeval floras from different basins. Recent research has benefited from an improved understanding of the relationships between the morphology preserved by cuticle and the paleoenvironmental conditions where the plant developed. However, these studies are limited by the difficulties in the identification of fossil cuticle, in particular dispersed cuticle, which often provides the best temporal resolution for paleoenvironmental study. To address this key limitation, we have developed an Internet-accessible database of cuticle images, referred to as the Cuticle Database Project (or Cuticle), which will facilitate the identification of fossil cuticle material through the development of an identification key structure. This database will help to facilitate identification of cuticle specimens and to advance attempts to distinguish which epidermal characters are environmentally controlled, http://fm1.fieldmuseum.org/cuticule/PaleoCollaborator.

AB - Fossil cuticle usually preserves a perfect replica of the plant epidermis and thus provides an unparalleled record of epidermal micromorphological characters useful for answering a variety of scientific questions. Paleobotanical applications involving cuticle have focused either on taxonomic identification of species or on the assessment of paleoecological and paleoenvironmental conditions. Taxonomic identification using epidermal characters has long been an endeavor of paleobotanists. The most conservative approach has been to assign specimens to morphotypes, while specimens with more characters have facilitated the establishment of new species in fossil genera, usually within modern families. In certain cases, epidermal characters have been combined with information from other plant organs to compare coeval floras from different basins. Recent research has benefited from an improved understanding of the relationships between the morphology preserved by cuticle and the paleoenvironmental conditions where the plant developed. However, these studies are limited by the difficulties in the identification of fossil cuticle, in particular dispersed cuticle, which often provides the best temporal resolution for paleoenvironmental study. To address this key limitation, we have developed an Internet-accessible database of cuticle images, referred to as the Cuticle Database Project (or Cuticle), which will facilitate the identification of fossil cuticle material through the development of an identification key structure. This database will help to facilitate identification of cuticle specimens and to advance attempts to distinguish which epidermal characters are environmentally controlled, http://fm1.fieldmuseum.org/cuticule/PaleoCollaborator.

KW - Angiosperms

KW - Cuticle database project

KW - Field museum

KW - Florida museum

KW - Fossil

KW - PaleoCollaborator

KW - Stomatal distribution

KW - Stomatal frequency

KW - Taxonomy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37249071929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37249071929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:37249071929

SN - 3510613880

SN - 9783510613885

T3 - CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg

SP - 39

EP - 55

BT - Advances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe

ER -

Barclay R, McElwain J, Dilcher D, Sageman BB. The cuticle database: Developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record. In Advances in Angioaperm Paleobotany and Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Contributions Honouring David L. Dilcher and Jack A. Wolfe. 258 ed. 2007. p. 39-55. (CFS Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg; 258).