The development of actinic keratosis into invasive squamous cell carcinoma: Evidence and evolving classification schemes

Jamshaid Anwar*, David A. Wrone, Arash Kimyai-Asadi, Murad Alam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Actinic keratosis is an incipient form of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Consequently, actinic keratoses must be treated expeditiously to forestall their downward growth. Several classification schemes have been proposed to better categorize actinic keratoses, and to guide their diagnosis and treatment. Among these approaches is the "keratinocyte intraepithelial neoplasia" (KIN) system developed by Cockerell; Goldberg's concept of the "proliferative actinic keratosis" (PAK), and Berhane's emphasis on the "inflamed actinic keratosis" (IAK). In the future, disparate classification schemes may be unified into a single pragmatic approach which accurately reflects the biological process whereby actinic keratoses devolve into invasive squamous cell carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalClinics in Dermatology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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