The development of HISPEC for Keck and MODHIS for TMT: science cases and predicted sensitivities

Quinn M. Konopacky*, Ashley D. Baker, Dimitri Mawet, Michael P. Fitzgerald, Nemanja Jovanovic, Charles Beichman, Garreth Ruane, Rob Bertz, Hiroshi Terada, Richard Dekany, Larry Lingvay, Marc Kassis, David Anderson, Motohide Tamura, Björn Benneke, Thomas Beatty, Tuan Do, Shogo Nishiyama, Peter Plavchan, Jason WangJi Wang, Adam Burgasser, Jean Baptiste Ruffio, Huihao Zhang, Aaron Brown, Jason Fucik, Aidan Gibbs, Rose Gibson, Sam Halverson, Christopher Johnson, Sonia Karkar, Takayuki Kotani, Evan Kress, Stephanie Leifer, Kenneth Magnone, Jerome Maire, Rishi Pahuja, Michael Porter, Mitsuko Roberts, Ben Sappey, Jim Thorne, Eric Wang, Étienne Artigau, Geoffrey A. Blake, Gabriela Canalizo, Guo Chen, Greg Doppmann, René Doyon, Courtney Dressing, Min Fang, Thomas Greene, Greg Herczeg, Lynne Hillenbrand, Andrew Howard, Stephen Kane, Tiffany Kataria, Eliza Kempton, Heather Knutson, David Lafrenière, Chao Liu, Stanimir Metchev, Max Millar-Blanchaer, Norio Narita, Gajendra Pandey, S. P. Rajaguru, Paul Robertson, Colette Salyk, Bun'ei Sato, Evertt Schlawin, Sujan Sengupta, Thirupathi Sivarani, Warren Skidmore, Gautam Vasisht, Chikako Yasui, Hui Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


HISPEC is a new, high-resolution near-infrared spectrograph being designed for the W.M. Keck II telescope. By offering single-shot, R 100,000 spectroscopy between 0.98 – 2.5 µm, HISPEC will enable spectroscopy of transiting and non-transiting exoplanets in close orbits, direct high-contrast detection and spectroscopy of spatially separated substellar companions, and exoplanet dynamical mass and orbit measurements using precision radial velocity monitoring calibrated with a suite of state-of-the-art absolute and relative wavelength references. MODHIS is the counterpart to HISPEC for the Thirty Meter Telescope and is being developed in parallel with similar scientific goals. In this proceeding, we provide a brief overview of the current design of both instruments, and the requirements for the two spectrographs as guided by the scientific goals for each. We then outline the current science case for HISPEC and MODHIS, with focuses on the science enabled for exoplanet discovery and characterization. We also provide updated sensitivity curves for both instruments, in terms of both signal-to-noise ratio and predicted radial velocity precision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI
EditorsGarreth J. Ruane
ISBN (Electronic)9781510665743
StatePublished - 2023
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI 2023 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2023Aug 24 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • Exoplanet atmospheres (487)
  • Exoplanet detection methods (489)
  • Exoplanets (498)
  • High resolution spectroscopy (2096)
  • Infrared astronomy (786)
  • Radial velocities (1332)
  • Spectrometers (1554)
  • Spectropolarimetry (1556)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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