Background: Midline destructive lesions (MDLs) of the nose are a diagnostic dilemma due to an extensive differential diagnosis and vague presenting signs and symptoms. Etiologies may be neoplastic, autoimmune, traumatic, infectious, or unknown. Study Design: Case series and review of the literature were done. Methods: Medical records of 8 patients presenting with an MDL were reviewed. Results: Each patient received nasal endoscopy, computed tomography scan of the sinuses, laboratory workup, culture (aerobes, anaerobes, fungus, and acid-fast bacilli), and biopsy with flow cytometry. Laboratory tests included complete blood count, basic metabolic panel, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, angiotensin-converting enzyme, antineutrophil antibodies, rheumatoid factor, anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies, Epstein-Barr virus antibodies, coccidiomycosis serology, HIV antibodies, fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption, classic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, proteinase 3, and myeloperoxidase. Choice of diagnostic study was individualized for each patient. Two patients were diagnosed with natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, 2 were diagnosed with Wegener's granulomatosis, and 4 remained idiopathic, despite the extensive workup. A diagnostic algorithm to aid in the approach to MDLs is presented. Conclusions: The diagnosis of MDLs remains difficult but is aided by a systematic approach and familiarity with multiple diagnostic techniques. It is imperative to take multiple tissue specimens from various sites, send them fresh, and communicate suspicion of lymphoma. Despite diagnostic advances and improved understanding of the diseases underlying MDLs, an etiology is often not identified.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2010|
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