The dynamic relationships of affective synchrony to perceptions of situations

Joshua Wilt*, Katharine Funkhouser, William Revelle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most theories of affect predict that affects of opposite valence should be negatively correlated (de-synchronous) or independent (asynchronous) within individuals. Such theories were challenged by the finding that the association between energetic arousal and tense arousal ranged from de-synchrony to synchrony (Rafaeli, Rogers, & Revelle, 2007). In this paper, we report two experience-sampling studies employing cell-phone text-messaging aimed at further exploring individual differences in affective experience. Results showed that within-person relationships between energetic arousal and tense arousal ranged from de-synchrony to synchrony, but that within-person relationships between Pleasant and Unpleasant affect varied from strong de-synchrony to weak de-synchrony. Individual differences in within-person EA-TA associations were related to perceiving threatening situations as incentives and to interactions between affective traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-321
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Affective synchrony
  • Approach-avoidance
  • Energetic arousal
  • Pleasant affect
  • Tense arousal
  • Unpleasant affect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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