The E3 ubiquitin ligase Triad1 influences development of Mll-Ell-induced acute myeloid leukemia

Hao Wang, Ling Bei, Chirag A. Shah, Weiqi Huang, Leonidas C. Platanias, Elizabeth A. Eklund*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Chromosomal translocations involving the MLL1 gene characterize a poor prognosis subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), referred to as 11q23-AML. Transcription of the HOXA9 and HOXA10 genes is enhanced in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in these leukemias. We previously found the ARIH2 gene was repressed by HoxA9 in myeloid progenitors, but activated by HoxA10 during granulopoiesis. ARIH2 encodes the Triad1 protein, an anti-proliferative E3 ubiquitin ligase. In the current study, we investigate the role of Triad1 in leukemogenesis induced by an MLL1 fusion protein (Mll-Ell). We found Mll-Ell increased expression of HoxA9, HoxA10, and Triad1 because HoxA9 represses only one of two ARIH2 cis elements that are activated by HoxA10. Although Triad1 antagonized the generally pro-proliferative effects of the Mll-Ell oncoprotein, we found blocking HoxA9 and HoxA10 phosphorylation shifted the balance to ARIH2 repression in Mll-Ell + cells. We investigated the significance of these in vitro results in a murine bone marrow transplant model. We found Triad1 knockdown significantly shortened the latency to development of AML in mice transplanted with Mll-Ell-transduced bone marrow. And, Triad1 expression fell during the prolonged AML latency period in mice transplanted with bone marrow expressing Mll-Ell alone. Our studies identify Triad1 as a leukemia suppressor in 11q23-AML. This suggests defining relevant Triad1 substrates may indicate novel therapeutic targets in this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2532-2544
Number of pages13
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research


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