The economics and politics of women's rights

Matthias Doepke*, Michéle Tertilt, Alessandra Voena

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Women's rights and economic development are highly correlated. Today, the discrepancy between the legal rights of women and men is much larger in developing compared with developed countries. Historically, even in countries that are now rich, women had few rights before economic development took off. Is development the cause of expanding women's rights, or conversely, do women's rights facilitate development quest We argue that there is truth to both hypotheses. The literature on the economic consequences of women's rights documents that more rights for women lead to more spending on health and children, which should benefit development. The political-economy literature on the evolution of women's rights finds that technological change increased the costs of patriarchy for men and thus contributed to the expansion of women's rights. Combining these perspectives, we discuss the theory of Doepke amp Tertilt (2009), who find that an increase in the return to human capital induces men to vote for women's rights, which in turn promotes growth in human capital and income per capita.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-372
Number of pages34
JournalAnnual Review of Economics
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • development
  • female suffrage
  • fertility
  • human capital
  • women's liberation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

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