The effect of ankle-foot orthoses on self-reported balance confidence in persons with chronic poststroke hemiplegia

Angelika Zissimopoulos*, Stefania Fatone, Steven Gard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background: One intervention often used to address physical impairments post stroke is an ankle-foot orthosis. Ankle- foot orthoses may improve walking speed, stride length, and gait pattern. However, effects on balance, crucial for safe ambulation, are thus far inconclusive. One aspect of balance shown to contribute to functional ability is self-efficacy. Self-efficacy, defined as the belief in one's ability to succeed in particular situations, has been shown to be more strongly associated with activity and participation (as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health) than physical performance measures of gait or balance. Objectives: We investigated whether self-efficacy, or balance confidence when referred to in the context of balance capabilities, is improved with ankle-foot orthosis use. Study design: Repeated measures study design. Methods: Balance confidence was measured using the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale in 15 persons with chronic poststroke hemiplegia, with and without their regular ankle-foot orthosis. Results: Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale scores were significantly higher (p = 0.01) for the ankle-foot orthosis condition compared to no ankle-foot orthosis. Conclusions: One mechanism by which ankle-foot orthosis use may influence balance is improved balance confidence. Future work should explore the specific mechanisms underlying this improvement in self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-154
Number of pages7
JournalProsthetics and orthotics international
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • Lower limb orthotics
  • Orthotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Rehabilitation

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