The effect of bars and transient spirals on the vertical heating in disk galaxies

Kanak Saha*, Yao Huan Tseng, Ronald E. Taam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


The nature of vertical heating of disk stars in the inner as well as the outer region of disk galaxies is studied. The galactic bar (which is the strongest non-axisymmetric pattern in the disk) is shown to be a potential source of vertical heating of the disk stars in the inner region. Using a nearly self-consistent high-resolution N-body simulation of disk galaxies, the growth rate of the bar potential is found to be positively correlated with the vertical heating exponent in the inner region of galaxies.We also characterize the vertical heating in the outer region where the disk dynamics is often dominated by the presence of transient spiral waves and mild bending waves. Our simulation results suggest that the non-axisymmetric structures are capable of producing the anisotropic heating of the disk stars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1878-1890
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010


  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: halos
  • Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • Galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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