The effect of CA membrane properties on adsorptive fouling by humic acid

C. Combe, E. Molis, P. Lucas, R. Riley, M. M. Clark*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

197 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cellulose acetate membranes with varied charge, hydrophobicity, porosity, and pore size have been developed by annealing, hydrolysis and oxidation of a basic cellulose acetate membrane. The effects of these modifications were characterized by poly(ethylene glycol) retention, contact angle and streaming potential measurements, and atomic force microscopy. The behavior of the membranes during humic acid adsorption experiments has also been studied. The results show that humic acid adsorption occurs both inside the pore and on the membrane surface. Experiments at different pH show the importance of solution properties on humic acid adsorption through modification of membrane and humic acid charge. Although many membrane characteristics are modified by hydrolysis and oxidation, neither treatment prevented humic acid adsorption on the CA membranes. The most effective surface treatment was with an anionic polymer, which significantly reduced adsorption of humic acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-87
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume154
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 1999

Keywords

  • Humic acid
  • Membrane preparation and structure
  • Surface characterization
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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