The effect of high vs. low dose lurasidone on eye movement biomarkers of prefrontal abilities in treatment-resistant schizophrenia

Tatiana Karpouzian-Rogers*, Jane Stocks, Herbert Y. Meltzer, James L. Reilly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Eye movement (EM) measures can serve as biomarkers to evaluate pharmacological effects on brain systems involved in cognition. In recent onset schizophrenia, antipsychotic treatment can improve attentional control on the antisaccade task and exacerbate working memory impairment on the memory guided saccade task; effects in treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) are less clear. This study evaluated the effects of high versus low dose lurasidone on EM performance in TRS. Methods: TRS patients completed EM testing: 1) at baseline, on existing medication regimen (n = 42), 2) after 6 weeks of low dose (80 mg) lurasidone (n = 38), 3) after 12 weeks following randomization to low (80 mg) or high dose (240 mg) lurasidone (n = 27), and 4) after 24 weeks of treatment (n = 23). EM testing included prosaccade, antisaccade, and memory guided saccade tasks. Results: Six weeks of lurasidone resulted in increased prosaccade saccade latency and reduced antisaccade errors, with no change in memory guided saccade accuracy. After randomization, prosaccade and antisaccade latencies increased in only the high dose group, with no change in antisaccade errors in both groups. Memory guided saccade error increased in the high dose group and remained stable in the low dose group. Conclusion: Among TRS, stabilization on low dose lurasidone was associated with improved executive control of attention reflected by reduced antisaccade errors. High dose lurasidone resulted in prolonged speed of reflexive and executive shifts of attention and reduced spatial working memory relative to low dose. These findings indicate that EM measures are helpful biomarkers of dose-dependent antipsychotic treatment effects on executive cognitive abilities in TRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-321
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume215
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Executive control
  • Eye movement
  • Treatment-resistant schizophrenia
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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