Mescaline, 3,4-dimethoxyphenethylamine (DMPEA) or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylamphetamine (DOM) was administered to male Sprague-Dawley rats, alone or in combination with para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA), an inhibitor of serotonin (5-HT) synthesis, or methysergide, a 5-HT receptor blocker. All three compounds increased plasma prolactin (PRL) levels. These increases were potentiated by PCPA and blocked by methysergide. Pretreatment with alpha-methylparatyrosine (AMPT), an inhibitor of catecholamine synthesis, resulted in an increase in plasma PRL equal to the additive effects of the independent administration of mescaline, DMPEA, or DOM plus the AMPT-induced response. The results suggest that mescaline, DMPEA and DOM may be exerting their effects on rat plasma PRL through direct stimulation of serotonin receptors. These results further demonstrate the ability of PCPA to rapidly induce supersensitivity of the 5-HT receptors which stimulate PRL secretion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)